|SITAR The sitar hat two sound bodies and movable frets. Under the bridges there are twenty resonating strings that give the instrument its typical nasal sound, which is full of overtones. Because the main strings run only on the left part of the fret, they can be pulled to the right side allowing one to glide through the finest subtleties in pitch within an interval of up to three full notes. The sitar is considered the quintessential Indian instrument.|
|BANSURI (BAMBOO FLUTE) Considered to be the original musical instrument, the bamboo flute is noted for being closest to the human singing voice. The richness from the fine nuances of pitch is accomplished by a subtle blowing technique and by partially covering the seven to eight finger holes. Each flute can only play in one scale.|
|SANTOOR The santoor is called the 'shata tantra veena' the hundred-stringed lute. It produces a variety of lively tonal effects reminiscent of the piano or harp. The santoor is played with a pair of curved sticks made of walnut wood, and consists of a trapezoid-shaped sound body with twenty-five to twenty-nine bridges on each side and four strings per bridge. Two strings are tuned to the same pitch.|
|SARANGI The sarangi is the most important string instrument in Gandharva Veda. The sarangi has three to four melody strings and thirteen to thirty-six resonating strings, and is played with a bow. The playing technique is very unusual because it is not touched with the fingertips the side and underside of the string is touched by the part of finger where fingernail begins to grow. Its full and very pleasing sound is highly esteemed when accompanying vocals. The echo effect from the resonating strings is stronger than that of the sitar or sarod|
|SHEHNAI (here played by Pandit Daya Shankar) The shehnai is made from a conical wooden reed with seven to nine finger holes and a funnel of metal. In the head part, which is made of copper, there is a thin pipe on which a double-reed-leaf, made from straw or reed, is fastened by a silk thread. The full length of the reed swings freely in the mouth-hole. Traditionally th4e shehnai is played as a duet; one person plays the melody, the other person maintains the basic note.|
|TABLA The tabla consists of two single drums which are always played as a pair: the smaller wooden daya is played by the right hand, and the metallic kettle-drum-like baya is played by the left hand. The basic metre is kept on the baya, while variations are beaten on the daya.|
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